Is There Any Difference Between Document Declaration And Agent Declaration In Foreign Trade Business
In the foreign trade import and export business, only companies or factories with export rights will have customs declaration documents. Document declaration is normal declaration, that is, the enterprise provides the import and export documents, and takes care of itself online or provides a complete set of declaration materials to the freight forwarder or customs broker for customs declaration. The state encourages exports, and provides export tax rebates to enterprises with export rights. The enterprises that declare documents can apply for export tax rebates. The specific amount of tax rebates depends on the export tax rebate policy corresponding to the goods. The customs declaration refers to the enterprises that do not have the right to export, and they entrust import and export enterprises or customs brokers through general trade methods to assist them in import and export business. This method is actually a normal operation. Customs clearance, foreign exchange collection, tax refund, etc. in accordance with internationally prescribed procedures can also receive state subsidies and enjoy export tax refund profits. So what is the specific export declaration process? Let's take a look at the CIF trade method as an example. The shipper needs to provide: product name, container type, quantity, weight, loading address, port of departure, document or agent, and destination port. DDU or DDP needs to provide the value of goods, detailed address, consignee information, etc. based on the CIF information according to the specific requirements of the customer. When the freight forwarder receives the above information, it will provide a quotation to the shipper. After confirming the quotation, the order will be received. Generally, the shipper needs to provide the packing list, record list, and confirm the packing list information or ship schedule with the shipper,etc. The forwarder will book the space and arrange the trailer to the shipping company (list the container number, license number, driver and contact number) and other shipping companies to issue S/O (book the manifest or stowage list). Then the trailer driver will take the stowage list to the storage yard to make the order and get a copy of “equipment transfer list" (in duplicate). Then delivered to the factory to load the container. After loading the goods with lead seal to seal the container (usually take photos for evidence), then drags the sealed container back to the port. According to the pre-arranged manifest provided by the forwarder, the customs broker can only make export declaration after getting the "pre-arranged manifest" and "arrival information". It is usually better to leave two days for the declaration (before the vessel is stopped). After clearance and release, the shipping company issues the bill of lading according to the cargo carrier of stowage transportation, settle the relevant agency fees, and basically the entire export declaration process is over. With the bill of lading, invoice or packing list and other materials, the customer can pick up the container and clear the customs after the goods arrive at the port.